Mary Queen of Scots Timeline

Mary Queen of Scots Timeline

(This timeline also contains some principal events in her life that occurred in England and France.  Perhaps the information will be helpful to those who like to do their own research.)

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 1542 December 8,   Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots was born at Linlithgow Palace in Scotland

1542 December 14,     James V., father of Mary Stuart dies.

1542 Mary, only six days old, succeeded to the throne of Scotland.

1543 September 9, crowned Queen of Scotland at Stirling by Cardinal Beaton

1547,  January 28, Henry VIII, King of England, died and was succeeded by Edward VI.

 1547,  March 31, Francois I, King of France, died and was succeeded by Henri II.

1548 August 13, Mary Stuart, then aged five years and eight months, landed in France, having been affianced to the dauphin, Francois, and there she was brought up with the royal children at the Court of Henri II and his wife Catherine d’ Medici.

1553 July 6,   In England,  Edward VI died and was succeeded by Mary Tudor. (Mary 1, Queen of England)

1558 April 24.   In France,  Mary Stuart was married at Notre Dame,  Paris to the dauphin, Francois, who in the following November, received the title of King of Scotland. (Francis held the title King Consort of Scotland)

1558 November 17. In England,  Mary 1, Queen of England, died and was succeeded by Elizabeth. 

1559 July 10,  In France, Henri II., King of France died and was succeeded by his son Francois II., husband of Mary Stuart.

1560 June 11, Marie de Guise, Mary’s mother, died at Edinburgh Castle, age 44.  Cause of death: Dropsy.

1560 December 5. In France, Francois II, husband of Mary Stuart, died and was succeeded by Charles IX.  Charles IX’s mother Catherine d’ Medici acted as Regent for her young 10 year old son.

1560-1 March.   In France, Mary Stuart determined to return to Scotland at the request of her subjects, however, she resided for a time with her uncles at Joinville and Nancy; her uncles endeavored to negotiate a marriage between Mary and Don Carlos of Spain.

1561 May 1,   In France, Mary  attended the coronation of Charles IX at Reims

1561 July 21,  In France, She left Paris forever for St. Germain and starting on July 25 journeyed by Beauvais and Abbefille to Calais, where she sailed for Scotland on August 15.

1561 August 19.  Landed at Leith

1561 August 19.  Arrived at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

1564-5 February 13, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley arrived at Edinburgh to join his father, Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox.  (PLEASE NOTE THE DIFFERENT SPELLINGS OF THE LAST NAME: STEWART/STUART.  THE STEWARTS BEGAN TO USE THE FRENCH VERSION OF THEIR NAME WHEN MARY STUART BECAME QUEEN OF SCOTS. (THERE IS NO W IN FRENCH SO MARY USED THE GALLIC SPELLING: STUART.)

1565 July 29.  Mary Stuart married  Lord Darnley at Edinburgh

1565-6 March, Murder of her servant Riccio at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.

1566 June 19,   Birth of her son James Iv, at Edinburgh Castle

1566 October 8-28,     Mary was dangerously ill from fever at Jedburgh during one of her Progresses.

1566 November 26 to January 1567,  At Craigmillar Castle.

1567 February 10   Murder of Darnley at Kirk O’ Field, Edinburgh.

1567 April 24.  Mary Stuart carried off by Bothwell to Dunbar

1567 May 3   Brought as a prisoner to Edinburgh

1567 May 7, Bothwell divorced from his wife

1567 May 15 Mary married Bothwell at Holyrood Palace.

1567 June 15   Battle at Carberry Hill where she surrendered.  Mary brought as a  captive to Edinburgh

1567 June 17  Imprisonment at Lochleven Castle

1567 July 24   Abdication of Mary Stuart.

1567 July 29   Coronation of James VI at Stirling

1567 August 22  The Earl of Moray appointed Regent of Scotland

1568 May 2  Mary escaped from Lochleven and arrives at Cadzow Castle (Hamilton)

1568 May 13 Battle at Langside where she was defeated.

 

ENGLAND

1568 May 16    She crossed the Solway to take refuge in England

1568 May 18     Taken captive to Carlisle Castle (County of Cumbria) where she and her servants were lodged in the “Warden’s Tower” (aka Queen Mary’s Tower.)

1568 July 16  Taken prisoner to Bolton Castle (North Yorkshire).

1568-9 February 26, Mary Stuart placed under custody of the Earl of Shrewsbury and removed to Tutbury Castle (Derbyshire)

1569 April,   Moved to  Wingfield  Manor in Derbyshire

1569 May 15, Moved to Chatsworth  Hall  (Derbyshire)

1569 June 1        Returned to  Wingfield Manor

1569 September 21     Returned to Tutbury Castle

1569 November 14     Moved to Coventry Castle*

*(Mary was “conducted by Huntingdon and Shrewsbury to the ancient city of Coventry, where she arrived late that night.  …  to lodge their illustrious charge in Coventry Castle, according to their instructions,the two earls found impossible, for not only was it in the most ruinous and tenable condition, but wholly destitute of furniture, not having been repaired or inhabited since the War of the Roses.  In this dilemma after vainly endeavoring to obtain more suitable quarters for their royal charge and themselves, the two earls were fain to take her to the Black Bull Inn, in Smithford Street, near the gateway of the Greyfriars just within the entrance of the town, and to guard her there until better arrangements could be made.  … )

(Life of Mary Queen of Scots, Agnes Strickland.  Chapter XVII, page 243, )

 

1569-70 January 2   Returned to Tutbury Castle (Derbyshire)

1570 May                  Returned to Chatsworth Hall (Derbyshire)

1570 November 28     Taken to Sheffield Castle, where she remained, either there or at Sheffield Manor House for fourteen years with occasional visits to Chatsworh, Boxton and Worksop

1584 September 3     Again moved to Wingfield Manor in Derbyshire.

1584-5January 13.    Returned by Derby to Tutbury (Derbyshire)

1585 April 17.             Sir Amias Paulet appointed gaoler to Mary Stuart

1585 December 14    Mary was moved to Chartley (a moated manor)

1586 August 8            Moved to Tixall House

1586 August 30          Returned to Chartley .

1586 September  25  Removed to Fotheringhay Castle.

1587February 8,       Mary Stuart beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle

1587 July 29              Funeral of Mary Stuart at Peterborough in the County of   Cambridgeshire

1603 April 3              Death of Elizabeth I.

1603 Oct 11              Mary Stuart’s body removed by her son James I  & VI to Westminster Abbey.

 

References:

 The Timetables of History, 3rd revised ed;

 Notes by Lionel Cust on the authentic portraits of Mary Queen of Scots, London: John Murray, 1903

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