he marriage of Francis II, the Dauphin of France to the young Mary Stuart took place on Sunday, April 24, 1558 at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. It was said to be a magnificent event with a parade of musicians, richly clothed royalty, bishops, courtiers and heralds.
Francis was not interested in studies, in fact, it is said he did not have an aptitude for learning. He was more enthusiastic about hawking and horse riding. Mary, however, enjoyed her studies, in particular she loved to write poetry, and loved music. When she first came to the French court she could only speak in the Scots, but within a few months she was able to converse in French with some of the children. Both Mary and Francis enjoyed taking part in sporting events, such as riding, hawking and archery . And, in spite of Francis’ sickly disposition, they spent many happy hours enjoying the hunts and the outdoors along with the other children of the French court.
When his father Henry II died in a jousting accident, Francis II was crowned King. His mother, Catherine de Medici, became regent of France because Francis was only 15 years old at the time of his father’s death. It is said that she was regent in name only and the powerful Guises, Mary’s uncles, were the real powers that governed France..